Peking University was founded in 1898 and was first known as the Capital University College. It is China’s first national comprehensive university and was the highest education administrative agency in China at that time. After the Revolution of 1911, it was changed to its current name in 1912.As the center of the New Culture Movement and the origin of the May 4th Movement, as the earliest place for disseminating the Marxist and democratic scientific ideas in China, as the first base for the Chinese Communist Party, Peking University is the revitalization and liberation of the nation, and the construction and development of the country. The social civilization and progress have made irreplaceable contributions and have played an important vanguard role in the process of China’s modernization. The traditional spirit of patriotism, progress, democracy, and science, as well as the diligence, rigorousness, pragmatism, and innovative style of study are here and there from generation to generation.
In 1917, Cai Yuanpei, a famous educator, took the post of president of Beijing University. He “acquired a compatible and inclusive doctrine based on the principle of freedom of thought”. He conducted effective reforms on Peking University and promoted the liberation of ideas and academic prosperity. Chen Duxiu, Li Dazhao, Mao Zedong, Lu Xun, Hu Shi and a group of outstanding talents have served or taught at Peking University.
After the Lugouqiao Incident in 1937, Peking University and Tsinghua University and Nankai University moved to Changsha to form the Changsha Adjunct University. Soon, the temporary university moved to Kunming, renamed the National Southwest Associated University. After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, Peking University resumed its studies in Peking in October 1946.
After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, colleges and universities throughout the country adjusted in 1952. Peking University became a comprehensive university with a major foundation in arts and sciences teaching and research, and trained a large number of talents for the country. According to incomplete statistics, Peking University’s alumni and teachers have more than 400 academicians of the two academies. A considerable number of people from the humanities and social sciences community in China are also from Peking University.
Since the reform and opening up, Peking University has entered a new era of unprecedented large-scale development and large-scale construction, and it has become one of the two major universities in the “211 Project” of the country.
On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Peking University on May 4, 1998, President Jiang Zemin delivered a speech at the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the establishment of Peking University. He issued “In order to realize modernization, China must have several first-class universities with advanced world standards. “The call. With the support of the country, Peking University launched the “Building a world-class university program” at a proper time. From then on, the history of Peking University opened a new page.
On April 3, 2000, Peking University merged with former Beijing Medical University to form a new Peking University. The original former Beijing Medical University was the National Beijing Medical College, which was founded on October 26, 1912. In the 1930s and 1940s, the school was once known as Peking University Medical College and was incorporated into Peking University in July 1946. In 1952, in the adjustment of colleges and universities across the country, Peking University Medical College was detached from Peking University and was independently of Beijing Medical College. In 1985, it was renamed Beijing Medical University. In 1996, it became the first medical university supported by the “211 Project”. The merging of the two universities has further broadened the discipline structure of Peking University and laid the foundation for promoting the integration of medicine with the humanities, social sciences and sciences and reforming medical education.
In recent years, under the support of the “211 Project” and the “985 Project,” Peking University has entered a new historical development stage and has made remarkable achievements in discipline construction, personnel training, teacher team construction, and teaching and scientific research. It laid a solid foundation for building Peking University into a world-class university. Today’s Peking University has become a national cradle for cultivating high-quality and creative talents, the frontier of scientific research, and an important base for knowledge innovation and an important bridge and window for international exchange.
The current school party committee secretary Professor Hao Ping, the principal Professor Lin Jianhua.