Things you would like learned through learning up to the high school level

To everyone who wants to contribute to the University of Tokyo, I would like you to learn as much as possible as much as possible before enrolling in our university, as clearly stated in the admission policy. Below, for everyone who is planning to take the examination, I will list subjects that I want you to pay particular attention to in the subjects of high school learning.
The entrance examination problem in the Japanese language is aimed at measuring the comprehensive power of the national language cultivated up to high school based on the University of Tokyo’s educational philosophy of nurturing human resources who “show a deep understanding of their country’s history and culture” Regardless of science, it will be presented from all three fields: modern sentence, old sentence and Chinese text. It is safe to say that Japanese language ability is the foundation of all of our education and research, but especially the classic is indispensable because it encourages awareness of the historical formation of Japanese culture, I think that classics are indispensable for recharging. From this point of view, the problem sentence is clearly the argument and carefully selected sentences that are sharp and dignified. It is based on what students have learned
1) Reading ability to read and write sentences

2) Expression power expressing it correctly in Japanese
Although it is requested to acquire basic knowledge when making a question, it does not go beyond the scope of the curriculum to upper secondary school, rather it is more subjective, based on his own experience I will emphasize the operation skills of national languages.
As a result, all answers to questions are descriptive expressions in principle. In addition, it is because we expect that we have a rich expressiveness by national language, which is difficult to measure with selective questions because we always have a problem asking the ability to summarize by a certain length of sentences.

【Geography, Civics】
Events occurring at first glance in human society, such as past and present, each region of the world, are interrelated. Although it is certainly necessary to acquire certain knowledge about them, the University of Tokyo does not focus on the amount of detailed knowledge, but emphasizes the ability to correlate knowledge and analyze it. Such active and creative thinking power is formed not by studying for memorization but by interest in contemporary events reported in newspapers and television, and imagination on society and history nourished by reading. Therefore, I hope the following points to everyone who wish to study at our university. Please take note of this and strive for learning.
1) Comprehensive knowledge

The university seeks broad, comprehensive knowledge rather than knowledge and ability in a narrow specific field (so-called “one style”). This is because it is a prerequisite for understanding complex social phenomena, and the conclusion derived from a narrow perspective tends to be self-righteous. Even in the entrance examination of geography and history, we try to make a well-balanced quiz from a wide range of fields. However, the degree of knowledge required for the answer to the entrance examination does not exceed the current guidelines for high school learning guidelines.

2) Analytical thinking ability to correlate knowledge
For each subject of geography / citizen, various knowledge tends to be learned in small pieces for reasons of convenience, but the ability to understand such knowledge in each field is required. To that end, it is expected that students will learn geographical history and civic subjects extensively at high school level, not only biased to subjects selected for entrance examinations, but also to develop eyes that capture complex social phenomena. In the entrance examination problem, questions that use materials such as maps, charts, etc. are sometimes asked to measure analytical thinking power, not just quantity of knowledge.
3) Logical expressiveness
The university places emphasis on the ability to express thinking logically. Even in the entrance examination issue, the question of the explanatory expression to be answered in the sentence will be given for the purpose of accurately measuring both analytical thinking power and logical expression power.

[Mathematics]
Mathematics is a discipline utilized in various fields of human culture as a fundamental field of natural science, not only contributing to the development of science and technology, but also means for objectively expressing and predicting social phenomena It is accompanied. Therefore, in the first year and second year undergraduate course at the University of Tokyo, a curriculum in which all students of each science class take the analysis and algebra as compulsory subjects, and students of each department class can take advanced mathematics lesson subjects It is prepared.
Everyone who wishes to enter the university is sure to acquire basic knowledge and techniques of mathematics based on the high school instruction guidelines before entering the university, but in the future the ability to make full use of mathematics Please learn to cultivate comprehensive mathematical power as described below in order to acquire Mathematics.

1) Ability to think mathematically

In order to deal with various problems with mathematics, it is necessary to grasp and organize the essence of the problem mathematically and to formulate them using the concept of mathematics. Such “capability to capture problem mathematically” is different from simply having a lot of knowledge about theorems and formulas, and being proficient in techniques to solve problems using it. The required force is the ability to extract the apparent nature of mathematics, that is, mathematical reading comprehension, by removing apparent branches and leaves from the problem in front of you. Mathematical knowledge and skills beyond the scope of the high school study guidelines are not required in our entrance examination. Emphasis is placed on “mathematically thinking” rather than such knowledge and technology.

2) Ability to express mathematically

Mathematically solving problems is not simply using mathematical expressions, do not calculate and reach answers. It is to explain mathematically correctly using logical expressions of what kind of idea the problem was solved. Even in the entrance examination, “power to express mathematically” emphasizes so that others can clearly understand the path he thought. In regular learning, please not only lead an answer but also sufficient training to express logically and concisely the way to answer.

3) Comprehensive mathematical power

In order to solve various problems using mathematics, ability to freely utilize mathematics as “words” and “tools” is required, but at the same time, knowledge and technology in a wide range of fields are integrated and “comprehensive Ability to capture problems “is indispensable. In the entrance examination, we judge whether we have mathematical thinking ability, expressive ability, comprehensive ability in a well-balanced manner.

Science is a subject that forms the basis of the way of thinking to find the essence of the problem and lead to problem solving in various fields related to natural science and advanced technology in society regardless of liberal arts and science. To this end, all students of all science classes take physical, chemistry, and biological subjects as compulsory subjects in the undergraduate courses (1st and 2nd grade students) at the University of Tokyo, and students of each department of science also take advanced advanced subjects of natural science The curriculum which can take courses is assembled. To everyone who takes the examination of our university, I hope to study science science widely at high school and acquire the fundamental skills related to science. For this reason, the entrance exam is asked questions to judge the following abilities, so please aim to train such strength.
In addition to the accuracy of knowledge about natural phenomena, we emphasize the ability to analyze natural phenomena scientifically, deeply dig in and think logically. Also, we emphasize the ability to consider natural phenomena quantitatively, not simply asking for computational power. Knowledge concerning required natural phenomena does not deviate from the scope of current high school learning guidelines, but the ability to fully comprehend, digest, and use logically combine these knowledge is required.

3) Comprehensive understanding and expressive power of natural phenomena

Since natural phenomena are complex phenomena, we emphasize not only specific knowledge and technology in one field but also the ability to comprehensively comprehend knowledge and technology in a wide range of fields. In addition, I emphasize scientific expressive power that objectively explains the conclusions obtained.
Humans can not live without “words”. Everyone thinks about “words”, they know the feelings of the opponent, and inform them of their thoughts. The University of Tokyo, whose mission is to cultivate “a citizen elite with a global perspective”, emphasizes liberal arts education (liberal arts education), so for examination in entrance examination, many foreign language tests We are opening the door. Specifically, you can take the examination in English, German, French, Chinese, etc. If we can summarize the commonly sought ability, it is exhausted as “comprehension ability and expression power by foreign language”.
For any foreign language, everyone who wants to study at our university is expected to have comprehension ability and expressive power required for communication in each language within the range of the curriculum to upper secondary school So please strive to train logical thinking ability backed by accurate knowledge about that language. Needless to say questions concerning foreign language translations, foreign language translations of Japanese, grammatical knowledge, it is sometimes the question of requiring an understanding of the society / culture which is the background of the language will be presented and the result of such efforts It is for seeing.
Below, I will add a few words on English which is most frequently selected as a foreign language. In modern society, if you try to fulfill your responsibilities as a citizen elite, it will be obvious that your English ability is an important factor. Specifically, the English ability required here is summarized in 3 points.

1) Reception power in English

It goes without saying that in a place where communication with intellectual content is exchanged, the ability to correctly understand the outgoing call by the partner’s side is indispensable. That’s why the question of receiving ability including reading comprehension and listening comprehension is given.

2) Dialing ability in English

It is also obvious that in the same place, it is indispensable that the sending power that can describe what you want to express in English correctly is essential. For this reason it is for this reason that an English composition is issued, and it is exclusively technical reason why we can not impose a test of “speaking” ability.
3) Critical thinking power

  In order to demonstrate the above two abilities and achieve sound communication, for example, there must be an imaginative and critical viewpoint that always asks what is “right” at all times. Without it there will be misunderstandings and misunderstandings in the communication space.
In order to acquire such English ability, training in both aspects of understanding details such as pronunciation, vocabulary, grammatical structure and understanding of logical composition and general understanding backed up by knowledge about cultural background Necessary education aims for such English education. For that reason, I would like everyone who wants to study the University to advance learning with particular emphasis on acquiring the ability to respond to such English curriculum within the scope of the high school curriculum guidelines.

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